Clustering of lifestyle factors in Spanish University students: the relationship between smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet quality

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dc.contributor.author Moreno, C.
dc.contributor.author Romaguera, D.
dc.contributor.author Tauler, P.
dc.contributor.author Bennasar, M.
dc.contributor.author Pericas, J.
dc.contributor.author Martinez, S.
dc.contributor.author Aguiló, A.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-14T08:54:25Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11201/152365
dc.description.abstract [eng] Objective To ascertain the prevalence of and association between main lifestyle factors (diet, physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking) in students from the Balearic Islands University. Design A cross-sectional, descriptive study. A questionnaire including questions on lifestyle, dietary habits and physical activity habits was administered to the students. Four different diet quality scores were calculated (Diet Diversity Score, Mediterranean Diet Score, Dietary Guidelines Score and Global Dietary Guidelines Score). Setting A sample of students from the Balearic Islands University. Subjects Nine hundred and eighty-seven students (45·5 % males; mean age 21·5 (sd 3·3) years). Results The dietary pattern of the student population was characterized by a low consumption of cereals and tubers, fruits, vegetables, olive oil, legumes and nuts, and a high consumption of processed meat, sweets, snacks, soft drinks and pastries. Linear, positive and statistically significant correlations were found between the number of meals consumed daily and all of the diet quality scores determined. Determinants of diet quality, both in the univariate and multivariate analyses, were physical activity practice, sex, age and number of meals consumed daily. Conclusions Risk factors such as smoking, diet and physical inactivity had a tendency of clustering among Spanish university students. Overall diet quality was low, due to important departures from dietary recommendations and loss of the traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern. Nutritional education campaigns that include promotion of physical activity practice are needed to improve the overall health status of this population.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.relation.isformatof Versió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980012000080
dc.relation.ispartof Public Health Nutrition, 2012, vol. 15, num. 11, p. 2131-2139
dc.rights (c) Cambridge University Press , 2012
dc.subject.classification 614 - Higiene i salut pública. Contaminació. Prevenció d'accidents. Infermeria
dc.subject.other 614 - Public health and hygiene. Accident prevention
dc.title Clustering of lifestyle factors in Spanish University students: the relationship between smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet quality
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.date.updated 2020-05-14T08:54:26Z
dc.date.embargoEndDate info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2026-12-31
dc.embargo 2026-12-31
dc.subject.keywords Physical Activity
dc.subject.keywords Estudiants universitàris
dc.subject.keywords Estils de vida que modulen la salut
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980012000080


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