Student nurses at spanish universities and their attitude toward xenostransplantation

Show simple item record Martínez, Laura Ríos, Antonio Santinés, Elena Agras, María Concepción Cañadas, Guillermo Arturo Hurtado, Bárbara Bárcena, Carmen Alorda, Carme Morillo, Juan Manuel Martí, Celia Redin, María Dolores Alconero, Ana Rosa Jímenez, María Lourdes Gutierrez, María Isabel Chamorro, Elena Merchán, María de las Nieves Barandiaran, Maite Martín, Noelia Gala, Francisco Javier Oter, Cristina Benbunan, Bibinha Tirado, Francisco Fernández, Maria Blanca Ramírez, Jesús Maciá, Loreto Saez, Aida Sánchez, Álvaro López, Ana Ramírez, Pablo Parrilla, Pascual 2020-05-27T05:46:37Z
dc.description.abstract [eng] Introduction Recent immunological and transgenic advances are a promising alternative using limited materials of human origin for transplantation. However, it is essential to achieve social acceptance of this therapy. Objective To analyze the attitude of nursing students from Spanish universities toward organ xenotransplantation (XTx) and to determine the factors affecting their attitude. Materials and methods Type of study: A sociological, multicentre, and observational study. Study population: Nursing students enrolled in Spain (n = 28,000). Sample size: A sample of 10 566 students estimating a proportion of 76% (99% confidence and precision of ±1%), stratified by geographical area and year of study. Instrument of measurement: A validated questionnaire (PCID‐XenoTx‐RIOS) was handed out to every student in a compulsory session. This survey was self‐administered and self‐completed voluntarily and anonymously by each student in a period of 5‐10 min. Statistical analysis: descriptive analysis, Student's t test, the chi‐square test, and a logistic regression analysis. Results A completion rate: 84% (n = 8913) was obtained. If the results of XTx were as good as in human donation, 74% (n = 6564) would be in favor and 22% (n = 1946) would have doubts. The following variables affected this attitude: age (P < 0.001); sex (P < 0.001); geographical location (P < 0.001); academic year of study (P < 0.001); attitude toward organ donation (P < 0.001); belief in the possibility of needing a transplant (P < 0.001); discussion of transplantation with one's family (P < 0.001) and friends (P < 0.001); and the opinion of one's partner (P < 0.001). The following variables persisted in the multivariate analysis: being a male (OR = 1.436; P < 0.001); geographical location (OR = 1.937; P < 0.001); an attitude in favor of donation (OR = 1.519; P < 0.001); belief in the possibility of needing a transplant (OR = 1.497; P = 0.036); and having spoken about the issue with family (OR = 1.351; P < 0.001) or friends (OR = 1.240; P = 0.001). Conclusions The attitude of nursing students toward organ XTx is favorable and is associated with factors of general knowledge about organ donation and transplantation and social interaction.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.relation.ispartof Xenotransplantation, 2019, vol. 26, num. 3, p. 1-12
dc.rights , 2019
dc.subject.classification 614 - Higiene i salut pública. Contaminació. Prevenció d'accidents. Infermeria
dc.subject.other 614 - Public health and hygiene. Accident prevention
dc.title Student nurses at spanish universities and their attitude toward xenostransplantation
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article 2020-05-27T05:46:37Z info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2026-12-31
dc.embargo 2026-12-31
dc.subject.keywords attitude
dc.subject.keywords knowledge
dc.subject.keywords organ xenotransplantation
dc.subject.keywords student nurses
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess

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