Western and Mediterranean Dietary Patterns and Physical Activity and Fitness among Spanish Older Adults.

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dc.contributor.author Bibiloni Esteva, María del Mar
dc.contributor.author Julibert García, Alicia
dc.contributor.author Argelich, Emma
dc.contributor.author Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel
dc.contributor.author Palacios, Gonzalo
dc.contributor.author Pons, Antoni
dc.contributor.author Gonzalez-Gross, Marcela
dc.contributor.author Tur, Josep A
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-11T10:34:49Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-11T10:34:49Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11201/148029
dc.description.abstract [eng] To assess prevailing food patterns, and its association with physical activity and fitness among Spanish older adults. Methods: Cross-sectional study in Spain, collecting data from a sample (n = 380; 54% female) aged 55-80 years (men) and 60-80 years (women) with no previously documented cardiovascular disease. Body weight, body fat and waist circumference were assessed. Physical activity performed was measured using the Minnesota Leisure-time Physical Activity Questionnaire (LTPA). Physical fitness was assessed using a validated physical fitness test battery. Food consumption was assessed by a validated semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Factor analysis identified two major dietary food patterns: 'Western' (WDP) and 'Mediterranean' (MDP) dietary patterns. Results: Participants in MDP's fourth quartile were classified in the second (men) and third (men and women) tertile of LTPA. After adjusting for age, body fat, waist-to-height ratio, and METs, in both sexes, a negative significant association was found between 30-s Chair stand and 6-min walking test, a positive significant association was found between 30-m Gait speed and 8-foot Time Up-and-Go (except in men) tests with WDP. The 30-m Gait speed test was negatively associated with MDP in men. Conclusions: MDP is associated with more time spent on LTPA, and this association was independent of body composition and a fast gait speed in men. WDP is associated with slower gait speed and lower body strength, agility and aerobic endurance. MDP has protective effect on healthy physical fitness, and WDP may be a contributor to frailty.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.relation.isformatof Reproducció del document publicat a: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28684703
dc.relation.ispartof Nutrients, 2017
dc.rights cc-by (c) Bibiloni Esteva, María del Mar et al., 2017
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es
dc.subject.classification Nutrició
dc.subject.classification 57 - Biologia
dc.subject.other Nutrition
dc.subject.other 57 - Biological sciences in general
dc.title Western and Mediterranean Dietary Patterns and Physical Activity and Fitness among Spanish Older Adults.
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.date.updated 2018-10-11T10:34:49Z
dc.subject.keywords Body Composition
dc.subject.keywords Physical Activity
dc.subject.keywords PHYSICAL FITNESS
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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cc-by (c) Bibiloni Esteva, María del Mar et al., 2017 Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by (c) Bibiloni Esteva, María del Mar et al., 2017

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