Shear strengthening of reinforced concrete beams using shape memory alloys

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dc.contributor.author Rius, J.M
dc.contributor.author Cladera, A.
dc.contributor.author Ribas, C.
dc.contributor.author Mas, B.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-11T05:28:36Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-11T05:28:36Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11201/152288
dc.description.abstract [eng] Shear failures in RC members are associated with brittle collapses, for this reason, shear strengthening of existing structures is often required. This paper presents an innovative system for retrofitting shear critical reinforced concrete (RC) beams, taking advantage of the shape memory effect of shape memory alloys (SMAs). The new system uses the SMAs as active external reinforcement thanks to the recovery stresses that SMAs are able to generate during their activation under restrained strain. An experimental campaign has been carried out on small-scale RC beams with rectangular cross-section (80-mm wide and 150-mm deep) strengthened in shear by means of 3 mm diameter Ni-Ti-Nb wires externally installed around the beams, forming a pseudo-spiral, in order to actively confine, or transversally prestress, the RC members. The experimental results show an increase of the shear strength around 90 % and 115 % of the retrofitted beams depending on the strengthening configuration, and also a more ductile shear failure. The effect of the geometrical imperfections occurred during the installation of the external reinforcement has been studied, and the possible prestressing losses due to these imperfections have also been evaluated. It has been concluded that the Ni-Ti-Nb wires show a promising performance despite possible imperfections in small-scale members. Finally, a previously developed shear model has been used to predict the shear strength of the tested beams. The recovery stresses considered for the pseudo-spirals were derived from separate material tests simulating similar imperfections. The predictions given by the shear model are satisfactory, with an average value of the ratio Vtest/Vrd equal to 1.14 and a coefficient of variation of 8.4 %.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.relation.isformatof Versió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.12.104
dc.relation.ispartof Construction and Building Materials, 2019, vol. 200, p. 420-435
dc.subject.classification 53 - Física
dc.subject.other 53 - Physics
dc.title Shear strengthening of reinforced concrete beams using shape memory alloys
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.date.updated 2020-05-11T05:28:37Z
dc.subject.keywords Shape memory alloys (SMA)
dc.subject.keywords Shear strengthening
dc.subject.keywords Reinforced concrete structures
dc.subject.keywords Ni-Ti-Nb
dc.subject.keywords Shape memory effect
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.12.104


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