Space and Vine Cultivar Interact to Determine the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Community Composition

Show simple item record López-García, A. Jurado-Rivera, José A. Bota, J. Cifre, J. Baraza, E. 2020-12-01T06:50:20Z 2020-12-01T06:50:20Z
dc.description.abstract [eng] The interest in the use of microbes as biofertilizers is increasing in recent years as the demands for sustainable cropping systems become more pressing. Although very widely used as biofertilizers, arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal associations with specific crops have received little attention and knowledge is limited, especially in the case of vineyards. In this study, the AM fungal community associated with soil and roots of a vineyard on Mallorca Island, Spain was characterized by DNA sequencing to resolve the relative importance of grape variety on their diversity and composition. Overall, soil contained a wider AM fungal diversity than plant roots, and this was found at both taxonomic and phylogenetic levels. The major effect on community composition was associated with sample type, either root or soil material, with a significant effect for the variety of the grape. This effect interacted with the spatial distribution of the plants. Such an interaction revealed a hierarchical effect of abiotic and biotic factors in shaping the composition of AM fungal communities. Our results have direct implications for the understanding of plant-fungal assemblages and the potential functional differences across plants in vineyard cropping.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.relation.ispartof Journal Of Fungi, 2020, vol. 6, num. 4, p. 1-18
dc.rights , 2020
dc.subject.classification 57 - Biologia
dc.subject.other 57 - Biological sciences in general
dc.title Space and Vine Cultivar Interact to Determine the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Community Composition
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article 2020-12-01T06:50:20Z
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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