A Novel Ex Vivo Model of Aortic Valve Calcification. A Preliminary Report

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dc.contributor.author Zabirnyk, A.
dc.contributor.author Pérez, M.M.
dc.contributor.author Stensløkken, K-O.
dc.contributor.author Ferrer, M.D.
dc.contributor.author Salcedo, C.
dc.contributor.author Vaage, J.
dc.contributor.author Blasco, M.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-08T06:30:34Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-08T06:30:34Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11201/155013
dc.description.abstract [eng] Background: No pharmacological treatment exists to prevent or stop the calcification process of aortic valves causing aortic stenosis. The aim of this study was to develop a robust model of induced calcification in whole aortic valve leaflets which could be suitable for studies of the basic mechanisms and for testing potentially inhibitory drugs. Methods: Pig hearts were obtained from a commercial abattoir. The aortic valve leaflets were dissected free and randomized between experimental groups. Whole leaflets were cultured in individual wells. Two growth media were used for cultivation: standard growth medium and an antimyofibroblastic growth medium. The latter was employed to inhibit contraction of the leaflet into a ball-like structure. Calcification was induced in the growth medium by supplementation with an osteogenic medium. Leaflets were cultivated for four weeks and medium was changed every third day. To block calcification, the inhibitor SNF472 (a formulation of the hexasodium salt of myo-inositol hexaphosphate hexasodium salt) was used at concentrations between 1 and 100 µM. After cultivation for four weeks the leaflets were snap frozen in liquid nitrogen and kept at −80 °C until blind assessment of the calcium amount in leaflets by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy. For statistical analysis, a Kruskal-Wallis test with Dunn's post-test was applied. Results: Osteodifferentiation with calcium accumulation was in principle absent when standard medium was used. However, when the antimyofibroblastic medium was used, a strong calcium accumulation was induced (p = 0.006 compared to controls), and this was blocked in a dose-dependent manner by the calcification inhibitor SNF472 (p = 0.008), with an EC50 of 3.3 µM. Conclusion: A model of experimentally induced calcification in cultured whole leaflets from porcine aortic valves was developed. This model can be useful for studying the basic mechanisms of valve calcification and to test pharmacological approaches to inhibit calcification.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.relation.isformatof https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2020.568764
dc.relation.ispartof Frontiers In Pharmacology, 2020, vol. 11, num. 568764, p. 1 -7
dc.rights , 2020
dc.subject.classification 615 - Farmacologia. Terapèutica. Toxicologia. Radiologia
dc.subject.other 615 - Pharmacology. Therapeutics. Toxicology
dc.title A Novel Ex Vivo Model of Aortic Valve Calcification. A Preliminary Report
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated 2021-02-08T06:30:34Z
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2020.568764

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