Nutritional Status and Implementation of a Nutritional Education Program in Young Female Artistic Gymnasts

Show simple item record Aguilo, A. Lozano, L. Tauler, P. Nafría, M. Colom, M. Martínez, S 2023-11-16T11:04:42Z 2023-11-16T11:04:42Z
dc.description.abstract [eng] Adolescent high-performance gymnasts are considered to be at risk for low energy intake. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of implementing a nutritional education program during the sports season on the nutritional status and nutrition knowledge of the female artistic gymnasts from the Technification Center of the Balearic Islands (n = 24; age, 14.1 ± 2.3 years). A quasi-experimental intervention design was applied, which consisted of implementing a nutritional education program of seven sessions given during eight months. Measurements of nutritional intake, nutrition knowledge, and anthropometric parameters, as well as hematological and biochemical blood parameters, were performed. Gymnasts reported low energy and carbohydrate intakes, with significant increases during the study (energy, 28.3 ± 1.4 vs. 32.8 ± 1.4 kcal kg−1, p = 0.015, carbohydrate 3.2 ± 0.2 vs. 3.9 ± 0.2 g kg−1, p = 0.004). The average values for parameters such as hemoglobin, ferritin, lipoprotein, and vitamin C and E levels in the plasma were within normal ranges. Low intakes of most of the food groups were observed during the study, with similar initial and final values. Nutrition knowledge did not change as a result of the study (28.0 ± 1.7 vs. 31.1 ± 1.3, p = 0.185). In conclusion, gymnasts reported low energy intakes. However, blood markers and most of the anthropometrical parameters measured were within normal ranges. The nutrition education program implemented did not produce significant improvements in the dietary habits or nutritional knowledge of gymnasts.
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dc.relation.isformatof Reproducció del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartof Nutrients, 2021, vol. 13, num. 5, p. 1399-1-1399-16
dc.rights cc-by (c) Aguilo, A. et al., 2021
dc.subject.classification 614 - Higiene i salut pública. Contaminació. Prevenció d'accidents. Infermeria
dc.subject.classification 57 - Biologia
dc.subject.classification Ciències de la salut
dc.subject.other 614 - Public health and hygiene. Accident prevention
dc.subject.other 57 - Biological sciences in general
dc.subject.other Medical sciences
dc.title Nutritional Status and Implementation of a Nutritional Education Program in Young Female Artistic Gymnasts
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion 2023-11-16T11:04:42Z
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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cc-by (c) Aguilo, A. et al., 2021 Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by (c) Aguilo, A. et al., 2021

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