Breath Alcohol Concentration and Perception of Drunkenness: A Comparison between Adolescents and Young Adults Drinking Alcohol in Public Settings

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dc.contributor.author Gervilla Elena
dc.contributor.author Jiménez, Rafael
dc.contributor.author Anupol, Joella
dc.contributor.author Duch, Mariàngels
dc.contributor.author Sesé, Albert
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-28T05:46:47Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-28T05:46:47Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11201/152151
dc.description.abstract [eng] Alcohol use is a persisting social and health problem in Spain that often takes place within the recreational context. This study aims to analyze objective and self-reported measures of alcohol use and to assess the potential role of social factors on alcohol intake in open-air public settings. A total of 1475 participants (47.4% women), including 27.8% adolescents organized into 355 natural groups of friends, were interviewed while they were socializing at night in the streets of Palma (Spain). Breath alcohol concentration (BrAC), self-reported measures of alcohol use, and social variables were assessed. Men showed statistically higher scores in BrAC than women. However, adolescents' Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) scores were not statistically different by gender. Correlation between objective and self-reported measures was low. Interestingly, BrAC of drinkers was lower when some friends in the group were sober. Moreover, especially in young adults, variables related to the social environment were statistically significant factors to predict BrAC. In conclusion, we found a high prevalence of alcohol intake in young people in open-air public settings, low relationship of objective and self-reported measures, and social factors linked to alcohol use, although differences by age and gender must be considered.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.relation.isformatof Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082890
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health, 2020, vol. 17, num. 8, p. 1-10
dc.rights cc-by (c) Gervilla Elena et al., 2020
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es
dc.subject.classification 159.9 - Psicologia
dc.subject.other 159.9 - Psychology
dc.title Breath Alcohol Concentration and Perception of Drunkenness: A Comparison between Adolescents and Young Adults Drinking Alcohol in Public Settings
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.date.updated 2020-04-28T05:46:47Z
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082890


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cc-by (c) Gervilla Elena et al., 2020 Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by (c) Gervilla Elena et al., 2020