Fast neural dynamics of proactive cognitive control in a task-switching analogue of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test

Show simple item record Díaz-Blancat, G. García-Prieto, J. Maestú, F. Barceló, F. 2021-03-25T11:54:01Z
dc.description.abstract [eng] One common assumption has been that prefrontal executive control is mostly required for target detection (Posner and Petersen in Ann Rev Neurosci 13:25-42, 1990). Alternatively, cognitive control has also been related to anticipatory updating of task-set (contextual) information, a view that highlights proactive control processes. Frontoparietal cortical networks contribute to both proactive control and reactive target detection, although their fast dynamics are still largely unexplored. To examine this, we analyzed rapid magnetoencephalographic (MEG) source activations elicited by task cues and target cards in a task-cueing analogue of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. A single-task (color sorting) condition with equivalent perceptual and motor demands was used as a control. Our results revealed fast, transient and largely switch-specific MEG activations across frontoparietal and cingulo-opercular regions in anticipation of target cards, including (1) early (100-200 ms) cue-locked MEG signals at visual, temporo-parietal and prefrontal cortices of the right hemisphere (i.e., calcarine sulcus, precuneus, inferior frontal gyrus, anterior insula and supramarginal gyrus); and (2) later cue-locked MEG signals at the right anterior and posterior insula (200-300 ms) and the left temporo-parietal junction (300-500 ms). In all cases larger MEG signal intensity was observed in switch relative to repeat cueing conditions. Finally, behavioral restart costs and test scores of working memory capacity (forward digit span) correlated with cue-locked MEG activations at key nodes of the frontoparietal network. Together, our findings suggest that proactive cognitive control of task rule updating can be fast and transiently implemented within less than a second and in anticipation of target detection.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.relation.ispartof Brain Topography, 2018, vol. 31, p. 407-418
dc.rights , 2018
dc.subject.classification 159.9 - Psicologia
dc.subject.other 159.9 - Psychology
dc.title Fast neural dynamics of proactive cognitive control in a task-switching analogue of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article 2021-03-25T11:54:01Z info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2026-12-31
dc.embargo 2026-12-31
dc.subject.keywords Neuropsicología
dc.subject.keywords Magnetoencefalografía MEG
dc.subject.keywords redes atencionales
dc.subject.keywords prefrontal function
dc.subject.keywords función ejecutiva
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess

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